What is a cessation order?
The Board makes a cessation order if it decides that a person does not need refugee protection any longer. In some cases, a cessation order can lead to the loss of permanent resident status. Even permanent residents who have lived in Canada for many years could be at risk of losing their status.
A cessation order based on any of these three reasons will result in the loss of permanent resident status:
- The person has voluntarily gone back under the protection of their country of nationality (for example, by returning to that country or getting a passport from that country).
- The person has become a citizen of a country other than Canada.
- The person has voluntarily become re-established in a country that they fled because they feared persecution or faced torture or serious risk.
The Board can also make a cessation order if things have changed in a refugee’s country of origin. This could happen, for example, if the reasons that a refugee had to leave the country no longer exist. However, such a case will not automatically cause the refugee to lose their permanent resident status.
When a permanent resident travels out of the country and then returns to Canada, a Canada Border Services Agency officer will question them at the border. If they are a refugee returning from their country of origin, this could lead to a cessation application being filed against them.