For more legal information, visit the CLEO website and Steps to Justice

Change font size:


  • Increase
  • Decrease
  • Normal

Current Zoom: 100%

What is a cessation order?

The Board makes a cessation order if it decides that a person does not need refugee protection any longer. In some cases, a cessation order can lead to the loss of permanent resident status. Even permanent residents who have lived in Canada for many years could be at risk of losing their status.

A cessation order based on any of these three reasons will result in the loss of permanent resident status:

  1. The person has voluntarily gone back under the protection of their country of nationality (for example, by returning to that country or getting a passport from that country).
  1. The person has become a citizen of a country other than Canada.
  1. The person has voluntarily become re-established in a country that they fled because they feared persecution or faced torture or serious risk.

The Board can also make a cessation order if things have changed in a refugee’s country of origin. This could happen, for example, if the reasons that a refugee had to leave the country no longer exist. However, such a case will not automatically cause the refugee to lose their permanent resident status.

When a permanent resident travels out of the country and then returns to Canada, a Canada Border Services Agency officer will question them at the border. If they are a refugee returning from their country of origin, this could lead to a cessation application being filed against them.

Last updated: Nov 1, 2017


All taxonomy terms:

All taxonomy terms: Letters

All taxonomy terms: Forms

All taxonomy terms: Fees

All taxonomy terms: Timelines

All taxonomy terms: Inadmissibility

All taxonomy terms: Proof of identity

All taxonomy terms: Applying for OHIP

All taxonomy terms: Special hearings