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What happens after an application is made?

H&C applications can sometimes take a long time – up to a few years – before they are decided. In the meantime, an applicant's situation can change.

It is important to report any changes to Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada (IRCC) (formerly Citizenship and Immigration Canada or CIC) when they happen. This includes changes in marital status and number of children.

It also includes:

  • information showing that the applicant is now more settled or established in Canada
  • new information about hardship the applicant would face if forced to leave
  • new information about other reasons supporting an H&C application
  • any change of address

New or additional evidence should be sent to IRCC as soon as it is available. It is important not to delay because IRCC can decide an H&C application at any time.

Making an H&C application does not give an applicant the right to remain in Canada until the application is decided. Before applying, an applicant should get legal advice to find out about their risk of being forced to leave the country.

Last updated: Apr 11, 2016


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